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James Valentine
Curator/Professor Emeritus

James Valentine

Email: jwvsossi@berkeley.edu

Phone: (510) 643-5791

Web page: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/people/jwv/jwv.html

His research: Jim studies the evolutionary origins of morphological novelties.

Burning questions: "How did the metazoan genome respond to selection so as to produce the great radiation in body types found, for example, during the Cambrian explosion? What were the selective features?"

Sidelights: He is also interested in the macroevolution of ecogeographic units (species' populations, communities, provinces, etc.), especially with regard to diversity problems in marine bivalves in the Cenozoic oceans. According to Jim, this involves "accumulating a database of the geographic and geologic ranges of all genera and subgenera, and all species in certain local cases through the last 65 million years …. Fortunately, I have hard-working colleagues, chiefly Dave Jablonski at U. Chicago and Kaustuv Roy at UCSD."

His favorite thing about science: "The opportunity to see things first."

Publications:

Erwin, D.H., and Valentine, J.W. 2013. The Cambrian Explosion: The Construction of Animal Biodiversity. Roberts and Co., Greenwood Village, CO. xii + 406 p.


Jablonski, D., C.L. Belanger, S.K. Berke, S. Huang, A.Z. Krug, K. Roy, A. Tomasovych, and J.W. Valentine. 2013. Out of the tropics, but how? Fossils, bridge species, and thermal ranges in the dynamics of the marine latitudinal diversity gradient. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 110: 10487-10494.


Valentine, J.W., D. Jablonski, A.Z. Krug, and S.K. Berke. 2013. The sampling and estimation of marine paleodiversity patterns: implications of a Pliocene model. Paleobiology, 39: 1-20. Notes: Featured article.


Belanger, C. L., E. Jablonski, K. Roy, S. Berke, A. Z. Krug, and J. W. Valentine. 2012. Global environmental predictors of benthic marine biogeographic structure. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 109: 14046-14051.  Read it


Erwin, D. H. and J. W. Valentine. 2012. The Cambrian Explosion: The construction of animal biodiversity. Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 44 (7): 327.


Krug, A.Z., J. W. Valentine, D. Jablonski and S.K. Berke. 2012. The sampling and estimation of marine paleodiversity patterns: implications of a Pliocene model. Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 44 (7): 625.


Gleick, P.H. + 224 co-authors including J.W. Valentine. 2010. Climate change and the integrity of science. Science, 218: 689-690.


Harnik, P.G., D. Jablonski, A.Z. Krug and J.W. Valentine. 1210. Genus age, provincial area and the taxonomic structure of marine faunas. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 277: 3427-3435.   Read it


Marshall, C.R. and J.W. Valentine. 2010. The importance of preadapted genomes in the origin of the animal bodyplans and the Cambrian explosion. Evolution, 64: 1189-1201.


Tomasovych, A., S. Berke, D. Jablonski, A.Z. Krug and J.W. Valentine. 2010. Latitudinal variation in range size of marine bivalves: nestedness and range expansion in the tropics. Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs. 42: Session 150-8.


Valentine, J.W. and D. Jablonski. 2010. Origins of marine patterns of biodiversity: some correlates and applications. Palaeontology, 2010: 1203-1210.  Read it


Jablonski, D., A.Z. Krug, J.W. Valentine, and K. Roy. 2009. Generation of Earth's first-order biodiversity pattern. Astrobiology 9:113-124.


Krug, A.Z., D. Jablonski, and J.W. Valentine. 2009. Signature of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction in the modern biota. Science 323:767-771.


Roy, K., G. Hunt, D. Jablonski, A. Krug, and J.W. Valentine. 2009. A macroevolutionary perspective on species range limits. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276:1485-1493.


Valentine, J.W. 2009. The infusion of biology into paleontological research. Pp. 385-397 in D. Sepkoski and M. Ruse (eds.), The Paleontological Revolution. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.


Valentine, J.W. 2009. Overview of marine biodiversity. Pp. 3-28 in J.D. Witman and K. Roy (eds.), Marine Macroecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.


Krug, A.Z., D. Jablonski, and J. W. Valentine. 2008. Global scale patterns in species/genus ratios of marine bivalves. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, B 275: 1117-1123.


Krug, A.Z., D. Jablonski, and J. W. Valentine. 2008. Global scale patterns in species/genus ratios of marine bivalves. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, B 275: 1117-1123.


Valentine, J. W. 2008. Tropics: latitudinal biodiversity gradient. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2008: 346-348


Valentine, J. W., D. Jablonski, A. Z. Krug, and K. Roy. 2008. Incumbency, diversity, and latitudinal gradients. Paleobiology 34: 169-178.


Valentine, J. W. 2007. Seeing ghosts: Neoproterozoic bilaterian bodyplans. Pp. 369-375 in P. Vickers-Rich, and P. Kamarower (eds.), The Rise and Fall of the Ediacaran Biota. Geol. Soc. London Special Publications 286: 369-375.


Jablonski, D., A. Z. Krug, K. Roy, and J. W. Valentine. 2007. Dynamics of the latitudinal diversity gradient: fossil record of "normal" and contrarian bivalve clades. Ecologocal Society of America 92nd Annual Meeting, Abstract SYMP 7-9.


Krug, A. Z., D. Jablonski, and J. W. Valentine. 2007. Geographic range, taxonomic structure, and global diversity patterns in marine bivalves. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program 39 (6): 90-91.


Krug, A. Z., D. Jablonski, D., and J. W. Valentine 2007. Contrarian clade confirms the ubiquity of spatial origination patterns in the production of latitudinal diversity gradients. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 18129-18134.


Krug, A. Z., D. Jablonski, D., and J. W. Valentine. 2007. Contrarian clade confirms the ubiquity of spatial origination patterns in the production of latitudinal diversity gradients. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 18129-18134.


Valentine, J. W., D. Jablonski, A. Z. Krug, and K. Roy. 2007. Incumbency and latitudinal diversity gradients. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Program 39 (6): 91.


Jablonski, D., K. Roy, and J.W. Valentine. 2006. Out of the tropics: evolutionary dynamics of the latitudinal diversity gradient. Science 314:102-106.


Valentine, J.W. 2006. Ancestors and Urbilateria. Evolution and Development 8:391-393.


Valentine, J.W., D. Jablonski, S. Kidwell, and K. Roy. 2006. Assessing the fidelity of the fossil record by using marine bivalves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103:6599-6604.